Motorized joystick modification for power wheelchair

First version of the motor attachment on Rhonda's wheelchair.

Overview

Roles: Mechanical Design Lead
Skills: User Interviews, User Testing, Motor Selection, Machining
Time: September - December 2018

Developed as part of 2.78, Principles and Practices of Assistive Technology

The Problem

Multiple sclerosis can cause loss of strength in the arms. For power wheelchair users, the joystick juts out in front to allow easy access and control. However, it can get in the way when trying to reach a sink or a table. In this case, the user has to manually swing the joystick back, which can cause discomfort or in some cases, is not possible without assistance. A previous solution to this problem was developed in the past in this class, but it lacked robustness, was not easy to debug the electronics, and could not be adapted for another user with even slightly different needs (our user was left-handed rather than right-handed).

This project was a second iteration on developing an attachment to motorize the retracting of the joystick for a power wheelchair.

The Process

After meeting with Rhonda, our user, several times, we developed a first prototype. This process is shown in the video below.

However, we found that after building it in the shop, when we tested it with Rhonda, it was not reliable. When attached to her wheelchair, the load on the motor was much higher than what we had initially accounted for. The joystick arm was deflecting due to the load of the joystick at the end, increasing the load on the motor beyond what it was able to handle. For this reason, we iterated on the design another time. First, we replaced the motor with a more powerful motor, though we had to trade-off the speed of retraction. Then, we replaced the aluminum bars of the arm with thinner, but taller bars to prevent the deflection. Finally, we made the bars out of steel, as we found that it improved the robustness of the attachment, despite being slightly heavier.

The Result

Final version of motor attachment with new, stiffer linkage Final prototype installed on Rhonda's wheelchair for testing The initial version and the modified version are described in detail in this Instructable which was featured on the website. The prototype was given to our user Rhonda.